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In Pakistan it is spoken by over 80 million people and is written in the Shahmukhi alphabet.

Languages of India

Languages may have different vocabulary, but various hand and tonal gestures within two unrelated languages can still be common due to cultural amalgamations between invading people and the natives over time; in rree case, the Indo-Aryan peoples and the native Dravidian people. Halbi Bhatri Kamar Mirgan Nahari. Retrieved 13 February In terms of the written script, most Indian languages, except the Tamil script, nearly perfectly accommodate the Sanskrit language.

It is an official language of Indian constitution in hindi free pdf download. The Eighth Schedule and the Seventy-First Amendment provided for the inclusion of SindhiKonkaniMeitei and Nepalithereby increasing the number of official regional languages of India to In the late 19th century, a movement to develop Hindi as a standardised form of Hindustani separate from Urdu took form. Ho Korku Mundari Indian constitution in hindi free pdf download Sora.

Languages of India – Wikipedia

However, all downpoad boards of donload across India recognise the need for training people to one common language. Bengali developed from Abahattaa derivative of Apabhramshaindian constitution in hindi free pdf download derived from Magadhi Prakrit. Much of Modern Standard Hindi’s vocabulary is borrowed from Sanskrit as tatsam borrowings, especially in technical and academic fields.

Eventually, a compromise was reached with Hindi in Devanagari script to be the official language of the union but for “fifteen years from the commencement of the Constitution, the English Language shall continue to be used for all the official purposes of the Union for indiab it was being used immediately before such commencement”.

E according to the Dravidian scholar Zvelebil. The British introduced the use of Roman script for Hindustani as well as other languages.

Ethnolinguistically, the languages of South Asia, echoing the complex history and geography of the region, jindi a complex patchwork of language familieslanguage phyla and isolates. Emergency provisions Part III: Urdu and sometimes KashmiriSaraiki and Sindhi are written in modified versions of the Perso-Arabic script. Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language.

Such languages include Fiji Hindiwhich is official in Fijiand recognised regional languages in MauritiusTrinidad and TobagoGuyanaand Suriname.

This page was last edited on 28 Februaryat Awadhi Bagheli Chhattisgarhi Fiji Hindi. The inscription is dated to the CE – CE period.

Domari Khandeshi Romani list of languages. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Indic scripts and Nasta’liq script.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. India has several languages in use; choosing any single language as an official language presents problems to all those whose “mother tongue” is different.

The language-related data results of the Census have not yet been released by the Government of India. Archived from the original on 2 June Unlike for Sanskrit, Devanagari is not entirely phonetic for Hindi, especially failing to mark schwa dropping in spoken Standard Hindi.

It was declared as a classical language of India in The Government has been criticised for not including Pali as a classical language, as experts have argued it indian constitution in hindi free pdf download all the above criteria.

Members belonging to the northern parts of India insisted that the Constitution be drafted in Hindi with the unofficial translation in English. Language Division, Office of the Registrar General. Encyclopedia of the World’s Endangered Languages. Scheduled and tribal areas Part VII: Northern India Hindi Belt.

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It reigned as an administrative language for several centuries until the era of British colonisation. As a result, the proposal was dropped, [60] [61] and the Act itself was amended in to provide that the use of English would not be ended until a resolution to that effect was passed by the legislature of every state that had not adopted Hindi as its official language, and downooad each house of the Indian Parliament.

Prior to Independence, in British IndiaEnglish was ftee sole language used for administrative purposes as well as for higher education purposes.

Department of Official Language. The remaining accounted for a total ofnative speakers out of a total of million Indians in Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.